EXPLANATION OF THE KEY CONCEPTS
The PYP features seven key concepts upon which to approach the curriculum. Each unit of inquiry focuses on 1-3 key concepts at a time. Due to the inquiry-based nature of the programme, the key concepts are presented in question form:
Research shows that when people learn conceptually, they are more likely to remember what they learn and understand new information. (Erickson, Lanning, & French, 2017). Concepts are ideas that transfer to new situations and contexts and that allow us to organize information into our brains more easily. For example, when exploring the concept of patterns, students can use what they know about patterns in math with shapes to understand the patterns of the moon in science, musical notes in music, and events that repeat themselves throughout history.
What is it like?
The understanding that everything has a form with recognizable features that can be observed, identified, described and categorized.
How does it work?
The understanding that everything has a purpose, a role or way of behaving that can be investigated.
Why is it like this?
The understanding that things do not just happen, that there are causal relationships at work, and that actions have consequences.
How is it changing?
The understanding that change is the process of movement from one state to another. It is universal and inevitable.
How is it connected to other things?
The understanding that we live in a world of interacting systems in which the actions of any individual element affect others.
What are the points of view?
The understanding that knowledge is moderated by perspectives; different perspectives lead to different interpretations, understandings and findings; perspectives may be individual, group, cultural or disciplinary.
What is our responsibility
The understanding that people make choices based on their understandings, and the actions they take as a result do make a difference.